Hesiod: Theogony

(ca. 700 BCE)

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Explanation and Analysis of the Document

The poem begins with the Heliconian Muses, who “taught Hesiod glorious song while he was shepherding his lambs under holy Helicon.” The Muses say they know “how to speak many false things as though they were true” but that they also know how “to utter true things.” This connects Hesiod's art with what would become rhetoric and fiction (especially concerned with making things appear true) and with what would become philosophy and science (concerned not...