Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin: “Address to the First National Conference of Colored Women”

(1895)

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Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin’s “Address to the First National Conference of Colored Women” opened the proceedings for a group of one hundred African American women who met in Boston at the Charles Street African Methodist Episcopal Church in July 1895. Ruffin was the president of the Women’s Era Club in Boston, founded two years previously, and it was her work with this group that inspired her to found the National Federation of Afro-American Women. She organized and convened the Boston...