Juan Perón: “Twenty Fundamental Truths of Justicialism”

(1950)

On October 17, 1950, the Argentine president Juan Domingo Perón gave his “Twenty Fundamental Truths of Justicialism” speech to a crowd of supporters. Perón was elected president of Argentina for two consecutive terms, serving from 1946 until 1955, and then took office again in 1973. Perón’s political party went through several name changes during his presidency, transforming in December 1947 from the Sole Party of the National Revolution to the Peronist Party, which emphasized his personal power. In 1948 Perón began using the term Justicialism to refer to his political beliefs. He was the central figure of Justicialism, and he strategically portrayed himself as the leader of a social movement rather than of a political party.

Perón’s governing tactics were both populist and authoritarian. His power base came from the working class, unions, and industrialists. None of the major political parties in Argentina up until Perón’s entrance into politics had assisted workers or...

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Argentine capitol building in Buenos Aires (Library of Congress)

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