Korean Declaration of Independence

(1919)

On March 1, 1919, at Pagoda Park in Seoul, Korea, a student nationalist read aloud to the crowd the Korean Declaration of Independence, giving rise to the nationwide March First Movement. In response to the unjust colonization of Korea by Japan in 1910, the Korean Declaration of Independence proclaimed to the world that Korea had the right to exist as a free and independent nation. Among the thirty-three signers were sixteen Protestant Christians, fifteen leaders of Chondogyo (also called Cheondoism, the “religion of the Heavenly Way”), and two Buddhists. The Chondogyo leaders Son...

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King Kojong (Library of Congress)

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