Lucretius: On the Nature of Things(ca. 59–55 BCE)
Lucretius was a classical Roman writer whose only surviving work is De rerum natura. Usually the title is translated from the Latin as On the Nature of Things. Sometimes the title is translated as On the Nature of the Universe, for the work, an epic poem divided into six books, is a wide-ranging exploration of physics, the nature of the soul and mind, sensation and thought, the origins and evolution of the world, and a variety of natural phenomena such as lightning, thunder, earthquakes, heat and cold, and volcanoes.
Although it is not strictly a religious text, On the Nature of...
"Hannibal Crossing the Alps" by Heinrich Leutemann (Yale University Art Gallery)View Full Size