Mani: Evangelium

(ca. 240–270)

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Mani “the Living” (Mani hayya in Aramaic), or Manichaeus, as he was known to Westerners, was a Persian prophet of the third century CE who lived in the early years of the Sassanian Empire and founded what might be called the first self-consciously world-oriented religion in history. Persia (modern-day Iran) at this time was home to a number of different religious groups, including Zoroastrians, Jews, and various Christians sects as well as Buddhists on the eastern frontiers. While...