Miranda v. Arizona


As presided over by Chief Justice Earl Warren until mid-1969, the U.S. Supreme Court dramatically reshaped the nation's criminal justice system in the 1960s, broadly interpreting rights that the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments to the Constitution afford persons accused of crimes. Through the process of selective incorporation, the Court used the Fourteenth Amendment to apply to the states those elements of these amendments that historically restricted federal but not state infringement of federal rights. Miranda v. Arizona, decided in 1966, is a major landmark in the Warren Court's expansion of rights of the accused. The decision in Miranda v. Arizona reversed criminal convictions and threw out statements made by the defendant, Ernesto Miranda, while in police custody. The accused, the Court wrote, had not been apprised of his right not to incriminate himself or of his right to consult an attorney and have one present during interrogation. This violation of...

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Chief Justice Earl Warren wrote the Court's decision in Miranda v. Arizona. (Library of Congress)

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