Miranda v. Arizona(1966)
The impact of Miranda v. Arizona, measured purely as a legal standard, began to dissipate shortly after it was handed down. Congress announced its displeasure with the Miranda rules in the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968. As led by Chief Justice Warren Burger from 1969 to 1986, the Supreme Court never overruled Miranda but instead chipped away at it by developing, in cases where defendants claimed a Miranda violation, exceptions to the requirement that the warnings always be given. Other cases required the Court to confront issues created by Miranda but not settled there, including the questions raised by Justice White in his dissent. Clearly, Miranda was not the last word on the right against self-incrimination during in-custody interrogation.
Nonetheless, the general impact of the case cannot be denied, for, as noted in a Los Angeles Times editorial by the constitutional law scholar Akhil Reed Amar, “Miranda has been woven into the fabric of daily...
Chief Justice Earl Warren wrote the Court's decision in Miranda v. Arizona. (Library of Congress)View Full Size