Monroe Trotter’s Protest to Woodrow Wilson


About the Author

William Monroe Trotter, son of the noted Union army soldier and activist James Monroe Trotter, was born on April 7, 1872, at his grandparents’ farm in Springfield Township, Ohio, and raised in a middle-class neighborhood in Boston. He graduated from Harvard with Phi Beta Kappa honors in 1895 and earned his master’s there the following year. Primarily known as a journalist, he served in various activist organizations and, in 1901, founded (along with George W. Forbes) the influential newspaper the Boston Guardian, which served as an important news vehicle promoting equal rights for African Americans. Defiant and uncompromising on issues of race, he went on to become a militant civil rights advocate and one of the most influential African American leaders of the early twentieth century. He accomplished much in his career before the age of forty.

Along with W. E. B. Du Bois, Trotter also played a leading role in the founding of the Niagara Movement in 1905,...

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Woodrow Wilson (Library of Congress)

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