Niagara Movement Declaration of Principles

(1905)

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The Niagara Movement Declaration of Principles outlined a philosophy and political program designed to address racial inequality in the United States. The document had its origin on July 11, 1905, when twenty-nine African American men began deliberations at the Erie Beach Hotel in Fort Erie, Ontario, just across the border from Buffalo and Niagara, New York. When they adjourned three days later, the Niagara Movement had been born. The Niagara Movement had a limited impact on race...