Niagara Movement Declaration of Principles

(1905)

About the Author

Most people assume that W. E. B. Du Bois was the author of the Declaration of Principles. Actually the authorship is not that simple or clear. The final form of the document would be approved by the twenty-nine delegates at the Fort Erie meeting. The actual drafting of the declaration was a collaboration between Du Bois and William Monroe Trotter.

W. E. B. Du Bois was born February 23, 1868, in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, and raised by his mother in an environment characterized by varying degrees of poverty. In spite of this, Du Bois excelled in school and achieved one of the most impressive educations of his generation. He took bachelor degrees at Fisk and then Harvard, pursued graduate work at Harvard and the University of Berlin, and earned his Ph.D. in history from Harvard in 1895. He held faculty positions at Wilberforce University and then Atlanta University and spent a year working for the University of Pennsylvania on a study of blacks in...

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W. E. B. Du Bois (Library of Congress)

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