Noble Eightfold Path

(ca. 528 BCE)

About the Author

The Buddha was born Siddhartha Gautama on April 8, 563 BCE (according to tradition), near the town of Lumbini in Nepal. His father, Suddhodana, was the king of a local tribe called the Shakyas, so one of the Buddha’s traditional names is Shakyamuni, meaning “sage (or wise man) of the Shakyas.” His mother was Queen Mayadevi (sometimes given as Maya Devi). From 563 to 547 Prince Gautama grew up in his father’s palace, where he was raised primarily by an aunt, learned and practiced the skills of warfare, and was expected to follow in his father’s footsteps and ascend...

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Buddha (Yale University Art Gallery)

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