Northern Ireland Peace Agreement

(1998)

Context

Animosity between the Irish and British runs deep and can be traced to significant historical events. By 1171 English barons had seized Irish territory around Dublin, and by the fourteenth century all of Ireland was under British control. As the English aristocracy became assimilated into society, actual English control became limited to an area surrounding Dublin. The power shifted again in 1541 when Henry VIII forced the Irish to declare him king of Ireland and introduced new laws as well as the Anglican Church to the predominantly Roman Catholic country. In the early...

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King William III leading his troops at the Battle of the Boyne (Library of Congress)

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