Nuremberg Laws

(1935)

The Nuremberg Laws were two anti-Semitic (anti-Jewish) laws promulgated in 1935 by the Reichstag (the German parliament) in Nazi Germany. The laws were so named because they were passed in connection with a Nazi Party rally in the German city of Nuremberg, where that year the Reichstag met for the first time since 1543. The first of the laws, dated September 15, 1935, was the Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor. The second, with the same date, was the Reich Citizenship Law. A third piece of legislation, called the First Supplementary Decree, was dated November 14, 1935. The purpose of these laws was to address on a national level the so-called Jewish problem in Germany. Although Jews made up only about 1 percent of the German population, they had long been targeted as scapegoats for the economic and social problems that devastated Germany in the wake of World War I. Indeed, Europe as a whole had a long history of anti-Semitism, dating back at least to...

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Chart describing Nuremberg Laws (Holocaust Memorial Museum)

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