Potsdam Conference Protocols


The Potsdam Conference Protocols were issued on August 1, 1945, near the end of the Potsdam Conference, held in the Berlin, Germany, suburb of Potsdam from July 17 to August 2, 1945. The chief participants in the conference were U.S. president Harry Truman, Communist Party general secretary Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, and the British prime minister; when the conference opened, Winston Churchill was prime minister, but elections in Great Britain had just been held, and Churchill was replaced mid-conference by his successor, Clement Attlee.

The purpose of the conference was to negotiate the terms of the post–World War II settlement in Europe. Nazi Germany had surrendered in May, and the victorious Allies, whose armies occupied great swaths of Europe, needed to determine what was to be done with Germany and Germany's allies, settle territorial boundaries, and carve out stable spheres of influence. This conference was the last of the major wartime conferences among...

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Clement Attlee, Harry Truman, and Joseph Stalin at Potsdam (Library of Congress)

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