Pure Food and Drug Act


On June 30, 1906, the U.S. Congress passed the Pure Food and Drug Act, which took effect on January 1, 1907. The Food and Drug Act is sometimes called the Wiley Act after Harvey Washington Wiley (1844–1930), the director of the Bureau of Chemistry, who had long lobbied for food and drug regulation. The act, signed by President Theodore Roosevelt, was one of the federal government's first comprehensive efforts to impose regulation on the products that the public ingested, principally meats and other food products, along with patent medicines—so called because their manufacturers...

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Harvey Washington Wiley (Library of Congress)

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