Quartering Act

(1765)

Impact

The colonists' responses to the Quartering Act differed according to their geographic location. Although the law extended to all of British North America, the newly established English colonies of Quebec, East Florida, and West Florida lacked both the economic resources and population to carry out its provisions. From the outset, barracks in these provinces were built and financed by the Crown, which met all other expenses as well. Among the thirteen older colonies the areas most affected were in the Middle Atlantic region, Massachusetts, and South Carolina, where more troops were based and where troop movements to the frontier were more common. The burden of supplying carriages, wagons, and quarters for troops on the march, for example, fell most heavily on New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania because they were the avenues through which soldiers from the north, west, and south would march to or from the frontier.

Compliance with the law was a civil matter, and the...

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Major General Thomas Gage (Library of Congress)

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