Raag Gond

(1604)

The Sri Guru Granth Sahib is a holy living book that preserves the spirit of the worldview of the ten gurus, or founders, of Sikhism. The book itself is thus considered to be an eternal guru. Granth means “holy book,” and sahib is a term of respect meaning “honorable one.” The text is written in Gurmukhi script, mostly in Punjabi (interspersed with other languages, such as Sanskrit, dialects of Hindi, and Farsi) and includes prayers and hymns written by many of the founders of Sikhism as well as by Hindus and Muslims. The compilation of these writings into one book was completed in 1604 by Guru Arjan. The writings were chosen based on both a common ideology of universal religion on the part of their authors and the compiler’s intent to be inclusive of local religions by integrating the texts of those religions.

The Sri Guru Granth Sahib consists of thirty-one raga (musical measure) compositions. Raag Gond, treated here, is the seventeenth raga and spans seventeen pages....

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Krishna talking with a cowherd (Yale University Art Gallery)

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