Sherman Antitrust Act

(1890)

Impact

Although it was passed in 1890, the Sherman Antitrust Act was not seriously enforced until 1901. Ironically, the only successfully prosecution of the Sherman Antitrust Act during the nineteenth century was not against big business but against labor unions during the Pullman strike of 1894. The government argued that by striking, the railroad workers were placing a restraint on trade and commerce, resulting in a direct violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.

Then, just a year later, in United States v. E. C. Knight Co., which is known as the Sugar Trust Case, the Supreme Court...

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Senator John Sherman of Ohio (Library of Congress)

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