Surrender Treaty of the Kingdom of Granada

(1491)

The Surrender Treaty of the Kingdom of Granada, signed in 1491, completed the Reconquista (“reconquest” or “recapture”). This term refers to the process by which Spain reclaimed territories on the Iberian Peninsula that for hundreds of years had been under the control of Muslims, called “Moors” in Spain.


The roots of the treaty extend back to the early 700s, when Islam was rapidly expanding throughout the Mediterranean region and captured large portions of the Iberian Peninsula. In the centuries that followed, Christians were restricted to the northern part of the peninsula, while...

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Court of the Lions in the heart of the Alhambra, the Moorish citadel in Granada (Library of Congress)

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