Surrender Treaty of the Kingdom of Granada

(1491)

Explanation and Analysis of the Document

The Surrender Treaty of the Kingdom of Granada was ratified on November 25, 1491. The principal purpose of the treaty, at least from the perspective of Spain, was to offer religious tolerance to Granada's Muslim population in return for its capitulation and relinquishment of control of such facilities as the palace of the Alhambra and the Alhizan, a fortress near the Alhambra (sites that remain among Spain's major tourist attractions). Reference is also made to Albaicín (Albaycín), a district in Granada, and the Alpujarras, a nearby region of mountain villages. Thus the treaty assures Muslims that they would be secure in their persons and property and would be allowed to continue to live in their residences. The treaty also states that Muslims would be allowed to maintain their own system of law without interference; disputes between Muslims were to be adjudicated by Muslim jurists, and those between a Christian and a Muslim were to...

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Court of the Lions in the heart of the Alhambra, the Moorish citadel in Granada (Library of Congress)

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