Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

(1848)

Explanation and Analysis of the Document

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo put an official end to the Mexican-American War. Many of the treaty's twenty-three articles are still in effect today. The introductory paragraph lists the treaty's authors, states their credentials, and proclaims their authority to negotiate on behalf of their respective countries. Although the document states that each of the negotiators has “full powers” to act on behalf of their government, the truth was not so simple. In fact, the U.S. negotiator, Nicholas Trist, had been recalled by President Polk in a...

Image for: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Storming of Chapultapec (Library of Congress)

View Full Size