Treaty of Nanjing


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The Treaty of Nanjing ended the Opium War of 1839–1842 and created the framework for a new commercial and diplomatic relationship between Great Britain and the Qing Empire of China. By demanding that China open new ports, fix regular tariffs on imports and exports, and abolish the merchant guild, or “Cohong,” system of commerce, the Treaty of Nanjing rectified for the British what they considered to be long-standing problems in their dealings with the Chinese. In the immediate sense, then,...