Treaty of Versailles

(1919)

The Treaty of Versailles was the peace treaty signed between the defeated Germany and the Allied and Associated Powers, most prominently Britain, France, Italy, and the United States, at the conclusion of World War I. The treaty was presented to Germany's representatives for review on May 7, 1919, and signed on June 28, 1919.

The Treaty of Versailles was highly detailed, with more than four hundred articles and annexes that dealt in small part with the establishment of the League of Nations and in large part with the punishment of Germany. The German government, which had agreed to an armistice on November 11, 1918, was taken aback by the terms. The German negotiators expected the document to be based on U.S. President Woodrow Wilson's list of war aims, the Fourteen Points. However, the treaty not only seemed to ignore those points but also forced the Germans to take responsibility for the war's beginnings, prosecution, and conduct. As a result of this admission, the...

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Prime Minister David Lloyd George (Library of Congress)

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