Treaty on European Union

(1992)

Context

For some fifteen hundred years, beginning with the collapse of the Roman Empire and culminating with World War II, the nations of Europe were intermittently at war with one another. Throughout that span of time, such historical figures as Charlemagne, Napoléon Bonaparte, and Adolf Hitler tried to unite Europe into a single political entity, but these efforts failed in part because they were based on force rather than cooperation. In the first decades of the twentieth century, European powers such as the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Germany, England, and France remained...