United Nations Charter


In a daylong ceremony on June 26, 1945, the nations that participated in the United Nations Conference on International Organization, representing more than 80 percent of the world's population, signed the United Nations Charter at the Veterans Building in San Francisco, California. The first nation to sign was China, which was also the first nation to have been attacked in World War II (by Japan). In the months that followed, the participating nations ratified the charter, which entered into force on October 24, 1945.

The United Nations Charter was the result of two months of work that stretched from April 25 to June 26, 1945, as World War II was coming to an end. The four nations that sponsored the conference—China, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and the United States—invited delegations from nations that were at war with one of the Axis powers (by that time, Japan and Nazi Germany and their allies) and that had adhered to the Declaration by United Nations of...

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Garden at Dumbarton Oaks in Washington, D.C. (Library of Congress)

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