Vatican II



Scholars remain divided over the extent to which the Second Vatican Council reflected continuity with existing tradition and practice and how much it departed from it, yet any account of the visible aspects of changes effected by the council cannot fail to note that the Church did not act in the same fashion after 1965 as previously. Exceeded in length only by the ecumenical councils of Constance (1414–1418) and Trent, Vatican II involved far more preparatory planning than any earlier council and witnessed an attendance of 2,400 bishops at any one time, with participants from...

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Bronze medal of Pope Paul VI (Yale University Art Gallery)

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