Craig v. Boren


The U.S. Supreme Court case of Craig v. Boren (1976) introduced the “intermediate scrutiny” test to assess government actions based on gender. Oklahoma had passed a statute prohibiting the sale of "nonintoxicating" 3.2% beer to males under the age of twenty-one while permitting females over the age of eighteen to purchase it. Two young men, Mark Walker and Curtis Craig, brought suit, challenging the law as a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment equal protection clause; they were joined by an alcohol vendor, Carolyn Whitener. The lower courts dismissed the case, saying that the...

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William J. Brennan, Jr. (Library of Congress)

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