World History II 1500 - present: The Milestone Reader in World History

Editor in Chief: Eric Cunningham, Gonzaga University

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From key sources of the pre-modern world to the voices of modern globalization, our digital reader is the most flexible and powerful textbook alternative in the industry. The standard version of the reader includes more than 125 sources, from key speeches and letters to treaties, legislative acts, religious texts, and more. Plus, you can customize the reader with any number of other sources from our collection, in addition to adding external sources and website links as well. Create your review account today to browse our full collection and begin tailoring your own reader. It’s your class. Teach it your way.

New for Spring 2018

  • Milestone Documents readers are now available on VitalSource Bookshelf, the leading platform for digital course materials in higher education. Our VitalSource e-books offer offline reading, instructor annotations, industry-leading accessibility features, and full integration with your Learning Management System. Learn more.
  • Quiz bank available directly from Milestone Documents or via the Respondus Quiz Bank Network (for import into your Learning Management System). Learn more. 

Table of Contents

125 sources across 15 units in the standard version, each with a corresponding quiz (see below)

300 additional sources available for your customization

Corresponding textbook articles aligned to standard version units

Instructor Resources for each standard unit, including:

  • Unit Objectives
  • Key Arguments
  • Key Concepts
  • Key Terms
  • Short-answer Questions
  • Unit Essays


Unit 1: A Survey of the Premodern Worlds

Popol Vuh (ca. 250-925)
Qur’an (Koran) (ca. 610-632)
The Secret History of the Mongols (ca. 1250)
Mongol Conquest of Northern Rus (ca. 1265)
Mongol Capture of Kiev (ca. 1265)
Ala-ad-Din Ata-Malik Juvaini: The Capture of Bokhara (ca. 1265)
Thomas Aquinas: Summa Theologiae (1266-1273)
Marco Polo: Description of Hangzhou (1298)
Ibn Battuta: Travels in Asia and Africa (1325-1354)


Unit 2: Crisis and Recovery in Eurasia

Pope Boniface VIII: Clericis Laicos and Unam Sanctam (1296 and 1302)
Giovanni Boccaccio: The Decameron (ca. 1350-1353)
Jean Froissart: The Chronicles of Froissart (ca. 1357-1400)
Zheng He: Inscription to the Goddess the Celestial Spouse (1431)
Martin Luther: Ninety-five Theses (1517)
John Calvin: Institutes of the Christian Religion (1536)
Saint Ignatius of Loyola: The Spiritual Exercises (1548)
Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent (1564)
‘Abd-al-Qadir Bada’uni: Chronicles (ca. 1595)


Unit 3: Contact and Conquest

Christopher Columbus: Letter to Raphael Sanxis on the Discovery of America (1493)
A Journal of the First Voyage of Vasco da Gama (1497-1498)
Nzinga Mbemba: Appeal to the King of Portugal (1526)
Rig Veda Americanus (ca. 1540-1585)
Garcilaso de la Vega: Royal Commentaries of the Incas (1609)


Unit 4: Worlds Entangled

The Journey of Álvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca (1542)
Saint Francis Xavier: Letter to the Society of Jesus in Europe (1552)
Bartolomé de las Casas: A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies (1552)
Bernal Díaz: The True History of the Conquest of New Spain (ca. 1576)
Dutch Declaration of Independence (1581)
Matteo Ricci: “Religious Sects among the Chinese” (1615)
Charter of the Dutch West India Company (1621)


Unit 5: Empires of Splendor and Might

Bakhtáwar Khán: Mirát-i-’A’lam (1078)
Japanese Laws Governing Military Households (1615)
Japan's Closed Country Edict (1635)


Unit 6: The Birth of Modern Knowledge

Henricus Institoris and Jacobus Sprenger: Malleus maleficarum (1486)
Paracelsus: Concerning the Nature of Things (1537)
Nicolaus Copernicus: On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres (1543)
Galileo Galilei: Starry Messenger (1610)
Fama Fraternitatis (ca. 1610)
Letter of Cardinal Bellarmine to Paolo Antonio Foscarini concerning Galileo’s Theories (1615)
René Descartes: Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason (ca. 1637)
John Locke: Second Treatise on Civil Government (1690)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract (1762)
Immanuel Kant: “What Is Enlightenment?” (1784)


Unit 7: Reordering the World

Thomas Paine: Common Sense (1776)
Declaration of Independence (1776)
Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès: What Is the Third Estate? (1789)
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789)
Bill of Rights (1791)
Olympe de Gouges: Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen (1791)
Constitution of Haiti (1801)
Napoleonic Code (1804)
Imperial Catechism (1806)
Johann Gottlieb Fichte: Addresses to the German Nation (1808)
Simón Bolívar: Cartagena Manifesto (1812)
Henry Clay: Speech on South American Independence (1820)
Giuseppe Mazzini: An Essay on the Duties of Man: Addressed to Workingmen (1860)


Unit 8: Non-European Appropriations of Modernity

Qianlong: Letter to George III (1793)
Lin Zexu: “Moral Advice to Queen Victoria” (1839)
Treaty of Nanjing (1842)
Ottoman Constitution (1876)
Yukichi Fukuzawa: “Good-bye Asia” (1885)
Meiji Constitution of Japan (1889)
Proclamation of the Young Turks (1908)


Unit 9: Industrialism and Its After-effects

Adam Smith: The Wealth of Nations (1776)
Leeds Woolen Workers Petition (1786)
Louis Blanc: The Organization of Labor (1839)
Eighth Annual Report of the Poor Law Commissioners (1842)
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: Communist Manifesto (1848)
Michael Faraday: Letter to the Editor of the [London] Times (1856)
William Acton: Prostitution Considered in Its Moral, Social, and Sanitary Aspects (1857)


Unit 10: Nations and Empires in the Americas

James Madison: Federalist 10 (1787)
George Washington: Farewell Address (1796)
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Tecumseh: Speech to Governor William Henry Harrison at Fort Vincennes (1810)
James Madison: “Advice to My Country” (1834)
John Ross: Address to the Cherokee Nation (1838)
John C. Calhoun: "On His Resolutions in Reference to the War with Mexico" (1848)
Panama Canal Treaty (1903)
Francisco García Calderón: Latin America: Its Rise and Progress (1913)


Unit 11: Triumph of the Bourgeoisie

Edmund Burke: Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790)
Johann Gottlieb Fichte: Addresses to the German Nation (1808)
Holy Alliance (1815)
Percy Bysshe Shelley: “A Defense of Poetry” (1821)
Giuseppe Mazzini: General Instructions for the Members of Young Italy (1831)
Alexis de Tocqueville: Democracy in America (1835)
Henry David Thoreau: “On the Duty of Civil Disobedience” (1849)
John Stuart Mill: On Liberty (1859)
Pope Pius IX: Syllabus of Errors (1864)
Charles Darwin: The Descent of Man (1871)
Jane Addams: "The Subjective Necessity for Social Settlements" (1892)
Friedrich Nietzsche: The Will to Power (1901)


Unit 12: New Imperialism

Cecil Rhodes: Confession of Faith (1877)
Bernhard von Bülow on Germany's “Place in the Sun” (1897)
Joseph Conrad: Heart of Darkness (1899)
Rudyard Kipling: “The White Man's Burden” (1899)
Karl Pearson: National Life from the Standpoint of Science (1901)
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (1904)
George Orwell: Burmese Days (1934)


Unit 13: Competing Visions of Modernity

Vladimir Lenin: What Is to Be Done? (1902)
Rudolf Steiner: Theosophy (1904)
Adolf Hitler: Mein Kampf (1926)
José Ortega y Gasset: The Revolt of the Masses (1930)
Sigmund Freud: Civilization and Its Discontents (1930)
Benito Mussolini: “The Doctrine of Fascism” (1932)
Joseph Stalin: “Results of the First Five-year Plan” (1933)
Reinhard Heydrich: Memorandum concerning Kristallnacht (1938)


Unit 14: A Divided Postwar World

Balfour Declaration (1917)
United Nations Charter (1945)
Winston Churchill: Iron Curtain Speech (1946)
Harry S. Truman: Truman Doctrine (1947)
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
Fidel Castro: History Will Absolve Me (1953)
Warsaw Security Pact (1955)
Nikita Khrushchev: Secret Speech (1956)
John Foster Dulles: Address on U.S. Policy toward Communist China (1957)
Camp David Accords (1978)
Óscar Romero: Last Sermon (1980)


Unit 15: Globalization

Deng Xiaoping: “Emancipate the Mind” (1978)
Alexander Solzhenitsyn: “A World Split Apart” (1978)
Jean-François Lyotard: The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge (1979)
Benjamin R. Barber: “Jihad vs. McWorld” (1992)
Osama bin Laden: Declaration of Jihad against Americans (1996)
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Fourth Assessment Report on Climate Change (2007)
M. Jay Wells: “Why the Mortgage Crisis Happened” (2008)